Critical and Immediate Fail Errors

Critical and Immediate Fail Errors are a key part of the restricted test, so it pays to know them well.

Many people who fail the restricted test do so because they make Critical or Immediate Fail Errors.

It’s a good sign that you’re ready for the test if you’re not making any Critical or Immediate Fail Errors during your practice driving sessions.

If you are making any of these errors – even just some of the time – make sure you work on fixing them before you book to sit the test.

Critical Errors

A Critical Error is a serious driving error that doesn’t result in immediate danger to any road user or property.

You're allowed to make one Critical Error during Stage 1 of the test and up to two Critical Errors over the whole test. If you make any more errors than that you automatically fail the test, regardless of how well you performed the specific driving skills.

Critical Errors include:

Some of these Critical Errors can become Immediate Fail Errors if they create a dangerous situation.

Immediate Fail Errors

An Immediate Fail error is any driving which results in immediate danger to any road user or property.

As the name suggests, making a single Immediate Fail Error will mean that you immediately fail the test.

Immediate Fail Errors include:

Get more info

We’ve given you the most common examples of these errors. If you want the full and exhaustive list, download the Restricted Licence Test guide (PDF, 4.13 MB).

If you’re confident you’re driving without making any of these errors then check out the test tips and common mistakes to make sure you’re all set for the test.


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