To get their full licence, your restricted driver needs to be able to identify and react to a variety of hazards.
Most experienced drivers identify and react to hazards without even thinking. But when you’re learning, it takes time and effort to master these skills and put them into practice.
In order to identify hazards your restricted driver should be constantly scanning all around the car.
Good scanning skills will build up a bigger picture of what’s going on around the car. It gives the driver time to use the hazard action plan:
Identify, Predict, Decide, Act.
If your restricted driver needs to work on their scanning skills or hazard action plan, they can review the Drive lesson Scanning for hazards.
As a coach, you’ll need to prepare your restricted driver for the hazard detection and response tasks in the full licence test.
Restricted drivers need to understand what is considered a ‘hazard’ in the full licence test and the type of response that the testing officer is looking for.
For the test, a hazard is "anything that is moving, or which might move, that you could realistically collide with or run over while driving".
During each assessed task, the testing officer will ask the driver to say out loud:
These responses don’t have to be detailed, a few simple words will do.
Here’s an example of how a driver might identify and respond to a hazard in the full test:
You can find more examples of hazard detection and response in the Getting your full licence video:
It can be difficult to describe hazards out loud, so build up confidence with easier practice sessions first.
Once your restricted driver can to this, repeat the above, but this time ask them to tell you what they’re going to do about the hazard as well.
As your restricted driver gains experience, identifying and reacting to hazards will become second nature to them.